Solan is one of the twelve districts of the Himachal Pradesh state in northern India. Solan is also a beautiful town where the administrative headquarters of the district is located. The Solan district is spread in an area of 1936 sq km.
Tehsils and Sub Tehsils of Solan Himachal Pradesh
For ease of administration, the district is divided into seven tehsils, namely Solan, Kandaghat, Kasauli, Nalagarh, Arki, Baddi, Ramshehar. There are also sub-divisons or sub-tehsils namely Krishangarh, Darlaghat, Mamligh and Panjehra. Further, there are five blocks in the the entire district namely Solan, Kandaghat, Dharampur, Nalagarh and Kunihar.
When was Solan District Created
The territories of Baghal, Baghat, Kunihar, Kuthar, Mangal, Beja, Mahlog, Nalagarh were princely states prior to India’s independence under the British. These priceply territories and certain other areas like Keonthal and Koti and hilly areas of the erstwhile Punjab State were merged with Himachal Pradesh in 1966. This Solan district came into existence on 01st September 1972.
Agriculture is the Main Occupation of People of Solan
Agriculture is the prominent feature of Solan district. It is the main occupation of the inhabitants of Solan district and about 60 percent people are dependent for their livehood on agriculture and its allied activities. Maize, wheat and barley are the main crops and onion, pulses and peas are the main cash crops grown in many parts of district. Vegetables like cabbage, turnip, beans, ladyfinger, tomato, radish, chillies, garlic etc. are grown in many parts of the district.
Mushroom City of India
Solan is known as the “Mushroom city of India” because of the vast mushroom farming in the area. The Directorate of Mushroom Research (DMR) situated at Chambaghat in Solan gives training to small and marginal farmers and growers on Mushroom Cultivation and Technology. Further the N.R.C.M. (National Research Centre for Mushroom), Govt of India Body is located in Solan town.
Development of Horticulture in Solan
The climatic and geographical conditions of the Solan district provide the good scope for the development of the horticulture. People of the district prefer horticulture over the agriculture and the area under horticulture is increasing year after year in the district. Apricot, plum, pear, mango, banana, grapes and kiwi etc. are the main fruits of this district. In addition to this some natural and traditional fruits such as Chulli and brahmi are also grown. These fruits are used for making wine, juices, squashes, pickle etc. Edible oil is extracted from the seeds of chulli in this district. The chulli oil is used for cooking purposes.
Animal Husbandry in Solan District
Animal Husbandry is a traditional practise by the farmers along with agriculture. It gives them another source of income. Any surplus milk and butter oil is sold in the town which offers quick returns and near stable price. The major towns in the district are popular in the surrounding area. So they show good level of trade and commerce activities. The district headquarter Solan town has an organised sabzi mandi with supporting facilities constructed at Kather on Solan by pass. This Mandi is popular since farmers are getting handsome return of their produce.
Industrial Hub of State of Himachal Pradesh
Solan is also an industrial hub in the state of Himachal Pradesh. Parwanoo is one of the major industrial estates of the District. The 35-km-long industrial corridor named Baddi-Barotiwala-Nalagarh, or BBN, for official purposes has emerged as a global Pharma hub.
Solan is also popular as an educaitional hub as there are many educational institutions and training centres. Some of the famous Educational Institutiions in the Solan district are as under :- Dr. YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, Baddi Chitkara University, Himachal Pradesh, Barotiwala, District. Solan Jaypee University of IT, Waknaghat, District. Solan Maharaja Agrasen University Manav Bharti University, Kumarhatti, District. Solan Shoolini University of Biotechnology & Management Sciences, Solan Nalagarh Industries Association (BBNIA) Baddi Technical Training Institute
Tourism of Himachal Pradesh
There are many places of interest in Solan. Maa Shoolini Devi temple on Shilly Road Badi ki dhar Mohan Meakin Breweries the oldest distillery in India and one of the oldest in the world. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry Barog railway station Kasauli Chail.
Mohan Meakins Breweries
Solan Solan is also famous for Mohan Meakins Brewries. The company is engaged in the production of alcoholic products like, Whiskies, Rums, Brandies, Vodka, Gins and Beers. It also produces non alcoholic products like Juice, Vinegars, Extracts, Mineral and Water and Breakfast Foods.